Definitive Stamps Issue: Intellectual Personalities of Cyprus

Designers: Costas Panayi, Marianna Iacovou, Sofia Malecou, Xenia Christodoulou

ADAMANTIOS DIAMANTIS

He was born in Nicosia in 1900 and died in 1994. A great artist, whose name is synonymous with modern Cypriot art. He captured on canvas the authentic world of Cyprus and as an art teacher he taught, ,one generation after another at the Morphou Teaching College and in schools in Nicosia and has inspired young yet unrecognised local artists. He developed a rich social and cultural influence. As a member of the Society of Cypriot Studies, he was involved in the collection of local works of art and in organising the Cyprus Folk Art Museum, of which he was the Director from the time of its establishment. His works of art were exhibited in many solo, group and thematic exhibitions and now adorn many galleries in Cyprus and Greece.  His friend, George Seferis, a Nobel prize-winning poet, dedicated his poem “Details in Cyprus” to him. In 1993 the Cyprus State bestowed on him the Award for Excellence in Letters and the Arts.


THEODOSIS PIERIDES

He was born in Tseri in 1908 and died in Bucharest in 1968. An important, left-wing figure and idealist poet, who served with steadfastness the principles of peace and the brotherhood of peoples. He is the brother of George Philippou Pierides, the great Cypriot prose writer. He was initially active in Egypt, where his family lived and from a young age took an active part in social struggles and in the anti-Nazi struggle during the 2nd World War. In the summer of 1947 he came and settled in Famagusta and then went on to Bucharest, only to return to Cyprus after it was declared an independent state in 1960. He used traditional verse and also free verse. His poetry is robust and is characterised by a deep faith and love for man but also for his birthplace, Cyprus. The peak of his poetry is his poem called “Cyprus Symphony”.  He was also involved in journalism and criticism. 


MARIA ROUSIA

She was born in Cairo in 1894, to parents of Cypriot descent, and after 1914 she lived in Alexandria where she died in 1957. She published articles in “Tahidromos” a newspaper in Alexandria, on social matters; she also wrote articles regarding a woman’s place in society, on education and book reviews. She also published travel reviews on Cyprus and Greece, and translated literary works.  She was a volunteer nurse in the 2nd World War for the Greek army in the Middle East. She wrote inspirational letters by the thousand which were sent to soldiers fighting at the front together with socks, jumpers and other letters she published under the pen name “Sister of the Soldier”. Between 1939 – 1956 she was associated with “Cypriot Letters”, a magazine, in which she published a total of 26 stories. She also edited a book of essays and other story books and novels. Her work had favourable reviews from eminent artists of her time.


LOIZOS PHILIPPOU

He was born in Paphos in 1895 and died in 1950. A scholar, historian, researcher, educator and publisher, he was a noted intellectual and social factor in his birthplace and through his intense activity turning it into an intellectual centre during his life time. Although he studied law, he made a significant contribution to Cypriot history and literary research. He wrote numerous scientific studies, edited the newspaper “Paphos” for 20 years as well as the intellectual magazine of the same name. His work on the history of Greek literature in Cyprus during the Turkish occupation is memorable. He was the founder, inspector and leader of the Paphos Scouts Association. His diverse national activities were always related to the survival of Hellenism in Cyprus. He was an active member of the Paphos District Games Association, the National Council and founder and Chairman of “Korivos”, the Gymnastics School and of the Paphos District Archaeological Museum. 


PERSEFONI PAPADOPOULOU

She was born in Ktima,  Paphos, in 1888 and died in Patra, in Pelloponisos in 1949.  She graduated from the Arsakeio school in Athens with excellence and immediately started work as a teacher in Famagusta and then in Larnaca as the Headmistress of the town’s school. She continued her studies in France and upon her return worked at a Girl’s School in Nicosia. After the October uprising in 1931 she took on the management of the Arsakeio Academy in Patra until her death. She was not only the most prominent Greek teacher of her era, but a significant intellectual figure and leading feminist, to whom female education owes a great deal.  


GEORGIOS S. FRANGOUDES

He was born in Limassol in 1869 and died in Athens in 1939. An inspired visionary, determined to contribute to the people of Cyprus and Greece, he established the Panteion School of Political Sciences in Greece and was a professor and its first headmaster. He studied law at the University of Athens and at the School of Political Sciences in Paris. He was also the Chairman of the “Association of Patriotic Cypriots” in Greece.  He was a Member of Parliament and Speaker of the Hellenic Parliament and made a great effort to modernise the Hellenic state. In addition to his political activities, he was actively involved in journalism, advocacy and education. In 1901, to promote Cyprus and its traditions, he organised a Cypriot exhibition at Zappeio in Athens. He edited the “Metarythimisi” newspaper in Athens and, due to his scathing articles against those who resisted reform, there were two unsuccessful attempts on his life.   He is the author of several studies, literary articles and  a significant body of translated work.


MELIS NICOLAIDES

He was born in Larnaca in 1892, having attended the Urban School and the five class semi-gymnasium in the same town. He worked as a teacher on a temporary basis and then became an employee of the Metropolis of Kitium. He emigrated to Athens at a very young age and lived there till the end of his life. He died in 1979. In Athens he devoted himself to literature and all his professional activities were related to this subject.  He established a bookshop, “Logotehnia”, a publishing firm, and edited “Pnevmatiki Zoe”, a literary magazine. He was a founding member of the Hellenic Literary Society and was its general secretary and chairman. He played a very active role in the intellectual life of Athens. He is considered a very important Cypriot prose writer and has great works to his name. In addition to stories and novels, he wrote travel books, plays, articles, speeches and a number of studies on intellectual subjects. Inspired by tradition his work is mainly social and religious, and that is why he was characterised as the “prose writer for the poor and humble, the honest and good people”.


POLYXENI LOIZIA

She was born in Limassol in 1855 and died in 1942. She went to school in Limassol and then studied in Smyrni and Constantinople. After 1878 she came to Cyprus to begin her teaching career, and was renowned for her invaluable services in educating girls. She was the Headmistress of the Limassol School for Girls (1878-1914) and a religious instruction teacher (1914-23). In addition to her contribution to teaching, she contributed greatly as a feminist towards the empowerment of women.  She was involved in varied social and intellectual activities. She founded “Palladion”, the Girl’s gymnasium in Limassol and edited an intellectual magazine, under the same name, between 1924 and 1936. She also founded the first women’s association in Limassol. She is considered the first female Cypriot literary writer, who lived and worked in Cyprus. In addition to poetry, she wrote plays, school textbooks and educational studies. Her work is national with educational content and her poetry is lyrical and patriotic. Cyprus was always her soul and her heart was the woman and her rights.


PORFYRIOS DIKAIOS

He was born in Nicosia in 1904 and died in Heidelberg in Germany in 1971. He studied Archaeology at the University of Athens and at the Sorbonne and in Lyon. He was assistant curator at the Cyprus Museum at the age of 25 and from 1951 to his retirement in 1963, he was Director of the Cyprus Antiquities Department. After his retirement, he taught at Universities in America and Heidelberg. His extensive excavations started in 1951 and covered many areas and archaeological sites in Cyprus (Choirokitia, Filia, Vouni, Engomi, Kalavasos, Sotira in Lemesos). The findings of his excavations in ancient Engomi were published in four volumes in Germany between 1969–1971. He wrote many archaeological articles and studies on the findings of excavations and gave numerous lectures on pre-historic Cyprus at many Universities in Europe, the USA and other countries.  He held a number of honorary titles and was a corresponding member of the Heidelberg Academy.


NICOS PANTELIDES

He was born in Nicosia in 1906 and died in 1984. He was a comic actor of the Cypriot theatre and spread laughter with his inherent talent. At the same time he excelled as a director. He is considered a pillar of Cypriot theatre. His performances, as a member of the cast of the Papademetri troupe and “Thiaso Yeliou”, (which he founded) in the 60’s, were remarkable. He also excelled in the cinema, acting in six films in his time. He was a key member of the Cyprus Theatre Development Organisation (O.TH.A.K.), which merged with the Theatre Organisation of Cyprus after 1961, playing important roles in memorable performances. He cooperated with CyBC, taking part in “Theatrical Memories” in 1972, in Cypriot sketches, televised series and other programmes. He was highly respected by theatre lovers and his colleagues who appointed him Chairman of their Association.


KYRIAKOS HADJIOANNOU

He was born in Achna in1909 and died in 1997. He was a teacher, writer, researcher and folklorist. He studied at the School of Philosophy at the University of Athens. He excelled in all areas of his professional career as a teacher for his clarity and methodology in teaching and was particularly loved by his pupils. Between 1960-1963 he was appointed as the first Ambassador of the Republic of Cyprus to Cairo. He gave many lectures to associations, clubs in Cyprus and abroad, and to international academic conferences on folklore, historical, archaeological, linguistic, educational and other matters. His literary work centred on Cyprus is immense and it has earned him his place as the island’s leading intellectual author. His five-volume work, “Ancient Cyprus in Greek Sources” is particularly remarkable. This received an award from the Academy in Athens and the Greek Intellectual Group of Cyprus. In 1965 he received the title of doctorate from the University of Athens. He received many other distinctions not only from his homeland but also from abroad.


PAVLOS XIOUTAS

He was born in Kato Paphos in 1908 and died in 1991. He studied literature at the University of Athens and worked as a teacher in many schools. A scholar, author of many works and folklorist, he left behind a remarkable body of work. He was a very progressive person for his era and he truly loved the common man of Cyprus. He had innovative ideas for his time. The Cypriot people owe him much for the survival of these proverbs (sayings). In his rich three-volume work, he collected, presented, classified and analysed more than 1,500 Cypriot sayings. He was actively involved with the people and fought against British colonialism. He was the leader in establishing the Society of Cypriot Studies in 1936. He translated works of Ancient Greek writers. In 1983 the Academy of Athens presented him with an award for his thesis on “Cypriot Folklore of Animals”.  


Quantities:
€0,04: 550.000
€0,50: 550.000
€0,60: 550.000
€0,75: 550.000
€1,00: 550.000
€1,50: 550.000

F.D.C’s:
€9,62: 7.000