18th Century Famous Composers

Designer: Theodoros Kakoullis

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) was born at Eisenach, Germany the youngest of 11 children. By the age of 10 his parents had died and he was brought up by is older brother. He came from a musical family and became one the world’s greatest composers. His musical talents developed from string- playing to composing and performing Keyboard and sacred music and became well known as an accomplished organist while serving Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Cothen in 1717. The last years of his life he spent in Leipsig where he wrote 300 cantatas for the city churches.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) was born in Salzburg, Austria. “Amadeus” is the Latin version of “Theopilus” one of the four names he was given at birth. Mozart was a mucisical prodigy. He composed his first pieces for the keyboard aged five and soon mastered the violin.  Among his works were more than 20 symphonies various operas, concertos, quartets and comic masterpieces such as “The marriage of Figaro”. Mozart married Contanze Weber. They had six children of whom only two survived. Although he had many commissions he was financially insecure. He died a pauper without completing his last commission “The Requiem Mass” 

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) was born in Bonn, Germany. His first music lessons were from his father. Beethoven left school at the age of 11 but continued his music lessons under other musicians including Mozart and Haydn. In 1799 he composed his piano Concerto "The Pathetique" which he dedicated to his lifelong financial supporter Prince Karl Lichnowsky. He wrote many symphonies, piano sonatas, quartets, the Emperor concerto and one opera “Fidelio”. His desire to marry was never fulfilled   and by 1812, tormented by his deafness he had become anti-social and eccentric. He gave his last piano performance in 1814.

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